Attention, memory, and executive functions are important cognitive skills needed to process and formulate verbal
information. These three skills are highly integrated and must be intact for learning to occur.
In simple terms, executive functions involve planning, initiating, accessing / generating strategies,
deploying effort, reviewing outcome, and modifying approaches. This also includes cognitive skills such
as analysis and thinking. This is the primary role of the frontal cortex, most commonly injured in
traumatic brain injuries caused by motor vehicle accidents. Executive functions are required when an
individual must explain to a friend that they could not accept their invitation and make alternate plans.
We sometimes identify children who appear to have had this problem since early childhood, but most often,
we see difficulties with clients who have sustained frontal head injury in motor vehicle accidents.
Depending on the severity of the injury, the brain is quite capable of reorganize itself, particularly
in cortical areas that are redundant in both hemispheres. Therapy is highly specific to the individual
and is designed to address specific difficulties that handicap an individuals ability to function in social
and academic/work settings. Examples of skills that need to be rehabilitated include; learning how to
study notes effectively, learning how to research to complete written assignments…